The Mortgage Underwriter and Your Mortgage Application

The Mortgage Underwriter is one of the most important people in the Mortgage Application process. Without the approval of an underwriter, no lender will fund or close on a loan. It is the job of the underwriter to ensure a borrower can repay the loan they are applying for and to determine that the sales price is supported by the appraisal value before granting lending approval.

app approvedApproval of a Mortgage Application is based on several things: income, credit history, debt ratios, and savings.
♦  A borrower must be able to prove a stable income and job history needed to repay the loan.
♦  They also must have a credit history that reflects a stable record of repaying obligations and a balanced debt to income ratio. Additionally, a borrower’s monthly debt must fall within acceptable limits determined by the loan product’s guidelines.
♦  Lastly the borrower must show that they have enough money saved for their down payment and closing costs. It is also smart to have a few months of mortgage payments saved away in case of an emergency.

It is the Mortgage Underwriter’s job to make sure all of these factors meet particular loan guidelines. The underwriter will evaluate all of this information and sometimes ask for more information or explanations from a borrower to clarify and support their decision on the  Mortgage Application.

Mortgage Underwriters also review the Appraisal to make sure it is accurate and thorough, and that the home is truly worth at least the purchase price. A property’s appraised value is also reviewed by the underwriter to ensure the value supports the amount of the loan you are requesting. A good underwriter will also take into consideration the condition of the property, the location of the property and how it may be affected by natural disasters, such as floods.

An Mortgage Underwriter does his or her best to evaluate the potential risk involved when lending to a borrower. In January 2014, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau enacted stricter requirements on some mortgages, which included tougher background checks into your bank account, spending and employment history.  If an underwriter does not follow all guidelines and makes a poor lending decision and the loan defaults, meaning a borrower stops making payments on their mortgage, it could result in a hefty cost to the lender.

The Mortgage Underwriter has final approval and final responsibility for the Mortgage Loan.  They must make important decisions based on the facts presented in the file, their own judgments and similar application experiences. The Mortgage Underwriter has to take a calculated risk and do his/her best to determine if a file adheres to not just the letter but the intent of the loan program guidelines. It is not an easy job.

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